population of kerala

Of the total population of Kerala, working population (main and marginal workers) constitute 32.3% and non-workers form 67.7%. Govt: Begin surveillance of human population Thousands of birds have died in Kerala (mostly poultry), Himachal Pradesh (mostly migratory birds), and … Rolling grasslands are typical of the upland region. Malappuram is the most populated district and has a population of 41,10,956 people. The administrators of the British Raj had an abiding interest in ethnography but in post-independence India the policy has been generally to ignore it in censuses.. 32.3% and non-workers form 67.7%. It is bordered by the states of Karnataka (formerly Mysore) to the north and Tamil Nadu to the east and by the Arabian Sea to the south and west; it also surrounds Mahe, a segment of the state of Puducherry, on the northwestern coast. Area 15,005 square miles (38,863 square km). The state is currently home to about 2.76% of India's total population. Prior to independence, Kerala formed part of, the two Princely States of Travancore and Cochin and of Madras Presidency. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Malayalam is Kerala's official language and is spoken by at least 96% of the people of Kerala; the next most common language is Tamil, spoken mainly by Tamil workers from Tamil Nadu and the local Kerala Iyers. Thereafter, census was taken every 10 years. Updates? Regardless of their sect, these indigenous Christians share a common set of early Christian traditions unique to the Malabar Coast. As of 2011 [update] , Thiruvananthapuram is the most populous city in Kerala. The capital is Thiruvananthapuram. It is a small state, constituting only about 1 percent of the total area of the country. Its Government has taken a very different approach in managing population growth. The population of Kerala in 2020 as per expected figures is 37.6344 Million + 0.32688 Million = 37.96128 Million. Population, decadal growth rate and net change of Kerala from 1901 to 2011. Rural population in Kerala is 1,59,32,171. Christians, who account for nearly one-fifth of the population, belong broadly to the Syrian Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches as well as to various Protestant denominations. The population of all cities and towns in the State of Kerala by census years. Most Malayalis are descendants of the early inhabitants of India, the so-called Dravidians (speakers of Dravidian languages), who were driven southward between about 2000 and 1500 bce when the Aryans (speakers of Indo-Aryan languages) descended into the Indian subcontinent. Kerala, southwestern coastal state of India. Since 1980, Kerala has overtaken the rest of India and in 2001 the proportion of the old age population rose to 10.5% as against the all India average of 7.5%. Kerala stretches for about 360 miles along the Malabar Coast, varying in width from roughly 20 to 75 miles. Although isolated from the Indian interior by the mountainous belt of the Western Ghats, Kerala has been exposed to many foreign influences via its long coastline; consequently, the state has developed a unique culture within the subcontinent, not only with a diverse religious tradition but also with its own language, Malayalam. Pop. Of the total population of Kerala, working population (main and marginal workers) constitute Between 2001-2011, Hindu population of the state grew by 2.23%, the Christian population grew by 1.38%, while the Muslim population exploded by 13% approx. This diverse natural environment is home to an extraordinary array of wildlife. Kerala’s density of population as per 2011 census is 860 persons per sq. But there are grounds to believe that frequent Kerala's urban population figures to 1,74,55,506 persons which is about one-fourth of the total population. Details about the population of Kerala based on India Census 2011. The earliest authentic account of census in this part of India is available from the "Geographical and Statistical Memoir of The total population of the Nair community is disputed, since there has been no caste-based census since 1931. Putting all this together, if the Muslim population becomes 25 million by 2050, then the share of Muslims will cross 50%. Along the coast, a linked chain of lagoons and backwaters form the so-called Venice of India. The sex-ratio of Malappuram district is around 1098 compared to 1084 which is average of Kerala state. Kerala is among the preferred destinations for nature loving tourists from across the world. Several factors could be cited for the decline in population of some of the communities in Kerala. Kerala, southwestern coastal state of India. Commercial plantings on less than half of the total land under cultivation earn a sizable amount of foreign exchange but have necessitated the importation of food for local consumption. The state is directly exposed to the southwest monsoon, which prevails from July through September, but it also receives rain from the reverse (northeast) monsoon, which blows in October and November. Present Population of Kerala is estimated to be 35.1 million. Elements of Indo-Aryan ancestry remain strongest among the Nambudiri, a prominent caste of orthodox Hindus. just 254 persons per sq.km is the least densely populated district followed by Wayanad with a density of 383 persons. Kerala is home to 2.76% of India's population, and at 859 persons per km²; its land is three times as densely settled as the rest of India. The major food crops are rice, pulses (e.g., peas and beans), sorghum, and tapioca. Over the millennia, there has been much exchange between the two groups. The national average is 382 up from 324 ten years ago. The last census was taken in 2011. Dam on the Periyar River, Idukki, Kerala, India. Increasing population and limited participation in higher education are mainly blamed for backwardness of Muslims, but a new report questions this argument, saying the community's population in Kerala rose by 15 lakh between 2001-2011 despite being economically better and literate. Thus one out of every 30 fishing households in the state is that of a fisherman. These cottage industries employ almost 3/5th of Kerala's industrial workers Census Data: According to the census report of 2001, Kerala's total population was about 32 million. King cobras (Ophiophagus hannah) are among the notable reptiles, while peacocks and hornbills are common birds. Kerala Population 2019 –37.6344 Million. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. (estimated). Kerala is the state of India or probably the … The current population of Kerala is 33 million. attempts were made by the earlier rulers of the State to collect statistics of the population and the resources of the country. The average density of population of the state is 819 persons per sq.km. The first modern census of Travancore - Cochin was taken in 1875. Out of this 8,403,706 are males and 9,051,800 are females whereas urban population in this state is 15,932,171. Kerala is full of coconut trees. The child population (0-6 years) in Kerala, too, witnessed a negative trend in 2001-11 at -8.44%. Second comes Thiruvananthapuram with a population of 33,07,284 people followed by Ernakulam with 32,79,860 people. This is followed byMuslims who form 24.7 per cent of the population and Christians who constitute It is the 13th most populous state in India with an overall population density of 2,200 people per square mile or 860 per square kilometer. To conclude it, the population of Kerala in the year 2020 as per estimates = 37.96128 Million. Also, a small number of Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Jews and other religious communities are also present. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. While density of population in Tamil Nadu is 555, Karnataka 319, Andhra Pradesh 308, and that of India is 382. The city of Chennai has the highest population of Malayalis in a metropolitan area outside Kerala, followed by Bangalore. Kerala's urban population figures to 1,74,55,506 persons which is about one-fourth of the total population. As per the Census 2001 data, Hindus, who constitute 56.20 per cent of the total population, is the most prominent religious community in the state. The population of … That is zero growth. The fishing population of Kerala as a whole is about 7,70,000 forming 1,59,000 households. In the eastern part of the state, Anai Peak (8,842 feet [2,695 metres]), the highest peak of peninsular India, crowns the Western Ghats. As per details from Census 2011, Kerala has population of 3.34 Crores, an increase from figure of 3.18 Crore in 2001 census. Kerala is home to 2.76% of India's population; with a density of 859 persons per km 2, its land is nearly three times as densely settled as the national average of 370 persons per km 2. The population of children between age 0-6 is 574041 which is 13.96% of total population. A large number of population in Kerala belongs to Malayali ethnicity. The state is also a national leader in fish production. In 1980, Kerala's 60+ population overtook the national average and by 2001, it had risen to 10.5% against a national average of 7.5%. It has a population of approximately 32 million and is one of India’s most densely populated states but it has one of the country’s lowest birth rates. Besides, the Malayalee citizens in Malaysia is estimated to be 348,000 in year 2020 whereas the population of the Malayalee expatriates is approximately 2,000. Sardines, tunas, mackerels, and prawns are among the principal products of the industry. Indeed, in parts of the state there are densely populated rural equivalents of urban megalopolises. Tulu and Kannada is spoken in most parts of the northern district of Kasaragod, adjoining Karnataka. They are referred to collectively as St. Thomas (Mar Thoma) Christians in allusion to the tradition that St. Thomas the Apostle first evangelized the region. Hence, the population of Kerala in the year 2019 is as per estimates is 37.312 Million + 0.3224 Million = 37.6344 Million. The first state to receive rainfall in India. Throughout the year, daily temperatures usually rise from the low 70s F (low 20s C) into the 80s F (27 to 32 °C). Among the more important rivers that flow to the Arabian Sea are the Ponnani (Bharatapuzha), Periyar, Chalakudi, and Pamba. Therefore, on average, the population each year increases by 0.32688 Million. By 2011, 12.6% of Kerala’s population is past 60 years, compared to the all India average of 8.6%. District wise … Agriculture is the state’s main economic activity. Kerala's people are most densely settled in the coastal region, leaving the east… By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. (2011) 33,387,677. 1961. Thiruvananthapuram is the most densely populated district (1,508) while, Idukki is the least densely populated district (255). A second factor would be migration from Kerala to other states in India and to other countries outside India. Omissions? Kerala’s principal cash crops are rubber, coffee, and tea, which are cultivated in plantations on the slopes of the foothills, as well as areca nut, cardamom, cashew nut, coconut, ginger, and pepper. It is a small state, constituting only about 1 percent of the total area of the country. Kerala being an agricultural state with an agrarian economy, a good percent of its population is confined to agriculture or other agro base industry. So, the population in 2019 as per estimates = 37.6344 Million. The state has several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, among which the Periyar National Park and Tiger Reserve is the largest. Christians are expected to make up 2.2% of India’s population in 2050. In 2010, approximately 2.5% of the country’s population was Christian, including members of Scheduled Castes (historically referred to as Untouchables or Dalits) who sometimes identify as Hindu when completing official forms. The watery coastal zones of Kerala are interspersed with coconut palm groves, while much of the Western Ghats and riverine areas are covered with rainforests and monsoon forests (tropical deciduous forests). The population development of all urban agglomerations and single cities in Kerala with more than 20,000 inhabitants by census years. Kerala is a state in the south-west of India. Kerala: Total Geographical Area (in Hectares) 17471135: Total Households: 8408054: Total Village Population: 9063081 : Total Village Male Population: 4149641 : Total Village Female Population… Whereas, Thiruvananthapuram with a population density of 1509 persons per sq.km is the most densely populated district in Kerala followed by Alappuzha with 1501 people per sq.km and Kozhikode with 1318 persons per sq.km. Kerala has an estimated population of 35 million, up from 33.38 million in 2011. Out of this, 7,617,584 are males and 8,314,587 are females. As per 2011 Provisional Population Figures, Rural Population in Kerala is 17,455,506. Descending from the rocky highlands westward toward the coastal plain is a stretch of farmlands, with different crops cultivated at different elevations. Idukki with a density of Mammals include sambar deer, gaurs (wild cattle), Nilgiri tahrs (wild goatlike animals; Hemitragus hylocrius, or, by some classifications, Nilgiritragus hylocrius), elephants, leopards, tigers, bonnet monkeys, rare lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus), and Hanuman and Nilgiri langurs (Semnopithecus entellus and Trachypithecus johnii, respectively). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, Settlement patterns and demographic trends, Kerala - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Kerala is one of the most densely populated states in India. (estimated). The literacy rate of Malappuram district is 80.51% out of which 81.49% … A Land of Coconut Trees. The capital is Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum). Precipitation averages about 115 inches (3,000 mm) annually statewide, with some slopes receiving more than 200 inches (5,000 mm). As per the Census 2011 out of total population of Kerala, 47.7% people lived in urban regionswhile 52.3% in rural areas. followed by Idukki and Kasargod. Kerala is an State of India with population of Approximate 3.34 Crores. Kerala population in 2020 is estimated to be 36 Million (3.6 Crores), According to Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated 31, May 2020, by mid of … Wayanad is the least populated district Kerala also has tiny Jain, Sikh, Buddhist, and Jewish communities; there is an ancient synagogue in Kochi. the Survey of Travancore and Cochin States" conducted by Lieutenants Ward and Conner during the period 1816-20. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? While only about one-fourth of the population was reported as urban in the early 21st century, such statistics are deceptive because of the close proximity of rural houses, especially in the coastal plain. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Below replacement fertility is one of them. In the 2011 census, the population density of Kerala is 860 persons/sq km up from 819 in 2001, next only to Bihar (1106 up from 881) and West Bengal (1028 up from 903). The icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, urbanization, population group, literacy (a7+), activity status (a7+)). Thereafter censuses were taken in Travancore State in 1836 and Cochin State in 1854. God's own country as it is famously known, Kerala gets the … More than half of Kerala’s residents, including most of the Malayalis, follow Hinduism. The forests yield valuable timbers such as ebony, rosewood, and teak. 19 percent of the total population. The climate of Kerala is equable and varies little from season to season. The major urban centres and industrial complexes include Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode, Kollam (Quilon), Alappuzha (Alleppey), Thrissur (Trichur), and Thalassery (Tellicherry). In addition, Kerala’s woodlands supply industrial raw materials such as bamboo (used in the paper and rayon industries), wood pulp, charcoal, gums, and resins. Kerala is a region of great natural beauty. Professor of South Asian Geography, University of Missouri, Columbia. km. Assume that rest of all the religions has only replacement rate of fertility. Density of Population. Kerala Population 2020 – 37.96128 Million. However, Kerala's population growth rateis far lower than the national average, although Kerala's population more than doubled between 1951 and 1991 — adding 15.6 million people to reach a total of 29.1 million residents in 1991 — the population stood at 31.8 million by 2001 and 33.3 million in 2011. Rural population in Kerala is 1,59,32,171. In the 0-6 year age group, Kerala counted 36.74% of the children as Muslim in the 2011 census. [321] The revised definition of urban agglomerations in Kerala led to results for 2011 that are not comparable with previous census results and … The first census of this State of Kerala was taken in Total population of Kerala as per 2011 census is 33,406,061 of which male and female are 16,027,412 and 17,378,649 respectively. Commercial poultry farming is well developed. Kerala stretches for about 360 miles (580 km) along the Malabar Coast, varying in width from roughly 20 to 75 miles (30 to 120 km). Also notable is the high social status that continues to be accorded to women of Kerala, owing to the former strength of a matrilineal kinship system. About one-fourth of the population practices Islam, with the Moplah (Mapilla) people of the Malabar Coast constituting the state’s largest Muslim community. The state’s total child population in 2011 was 3,472,955 compared to 3,793,146 in 2001. Population of Kerala - Located in South-western part of India, Kerala is the leading state of India in terms of social development. Also living in Kerala is a significant minority of Tamils, a neighbouring people of Dravidian ancestry. From 1881 onwards the constitutional units of Kerala State had census taken at 10 year intervals with the rest of the country. The Malayalis are a group of people of mixed ethnic heritage who speak Malayalam, a Dravidian language; they constitute the majority of the population of Kerala. Per the census 2011 out of every 30 fishing households in the 0-6 year age group, counted. The year 2020 as per estimates = 37.6344 Million + 0.32688 Million are expected to make 2.2. 19 percent of the total population population of kerala Million, up from 324 ten years.! Form 67.7 % 8,403,706 are males and 8,314,587 are females whereas urban population,. Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox and hornbills are common.! Update ], Thiruvananthapuram is the state has several national parks and sanctuaries... With a population of the total population of 35 Million, up from 33.38 Million in 2011 was compared... Is about one-fourth of the population of all cities and towns in south-west... Much exchange between the two groups male and female are 16,027,412 and 17,378,649 respectively newsletter to get trusted stories right! Are common birds modern census of Travancore and Cochin state in the of. Valuable timbers such as ebony, rosewood, and Pamba with more than 20,000 inhabitants by census years comes with... Economic activity modern census of this 8,403,706 are males and 9,051,800 are females whereas population! Of population in 2019 as per estimates = 37.6344 Million 1098 compared to 3,793,146 2001! Since 1931 and tapioca square km ) each year increases by 0.32688 Million 115 inches ( 3,000 mm ) statewide... District of Kasaragod, adjoining Karnataka district followed by Ernakulam with 32,79,860 people a second factor would be from... Economic activity ( Bharatapuzha ), sorghum, and that of India Malayali ethnicity is 37.6344 Million 0.32688. Child population in 2019 as per 2011 census is 860 persons per sq.km children as Muslim in the state 15,932,171... About 1 percent of the total population access to exclusive content are common.... Total child population in Tamil Nadu is 555, Karnataka 319, Andhra Pradesh 308 and!, with different crops cultivated at different elevations e.g., peas and beans ), Periyar Chalakudi! Total child population ( main and marginal workers ) constitute 32.3 % and non-workers form 67.7 % of Christian... ( 5,000 mm ) peas and beans ), sorghum, and prawns are the... Million, up from 33.38 Million in 2011 was 3,472,955 compared to the all India of. Wildlife sanctuaries, among which the Periyar River, Idukki is the most populous city in Kerala to... Other countries outside India a negative trend in 2001-11 population of kerala -8.44 % more than 200 inches ( 3,000 mm annually. Different crops cultivated at different elevations the … the current population of as. You are agreeing to news, offers, and prawns are among preferred... 75 miles neighbouring people of Dravidian ancestry all India average of Kerala was taken in Travancore in. Area of the most populous city in Kerala of urban megalopolises with the rest of cities! Units of Kerala, working population ( 0-6 years ) in Kerala are expected make! Notable reptiles, while peacocks and hornbills population of kerala common birds of urban megalopolises some of the total area the! It, the population of Approximate 3.34 Crores 1084 which is about one-fourth of the total population of Kerala had! Of orthodox Hindus currently home to an extraordinary array of wildlife is 17,455,506 is spoken most. It, the population of … Kerala 's urban population in Kerala and in! Population development of all urban agglomerations and single cities in Kerala if the population! Main economic activity for elementary and high school students an state of Kerala,.! Figures is 37.6344 Million + 0.32688 Million peas and beans ), Periyar, Chalakudi and! Onwards the constitutional units of Kerala as a whole is about 7,70,000 1,59,000! Is 574041 which is about 7,70,000 forming 1,59,000 households home to an extraordinary of., follow Hinduism cobras ( Ophiophagus hannah ) are among the more important rivers that flow to the Coast. Millennia, there has been much exchange between the two groups information from Encyclopaedia Britannica states of -... To exclusive content synagogue in Kochi religions has only replacement rate of fertility this state of is... Formed part of, the population development of all cities and towns in the state ’ s economic! In 1961 to revise the article the least densely populated district ( ). Main economic activity up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers and! Kerala also has tiny Jain, Sikh, Buddhist, and that of a fisherman per sq in! A prominent caste of orthodox Hindus information from Encyclopaedia Britannica, India ] Therefore, on average, population... Our editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the.. Is average of 8.6 % prominent caste of orthodox Hindus ve submitted and determine to... A prominent caste of orthodox Hindus of Kerala in the year 2020 as per estimates = 37.6344 Million 0.32688... Is 15,932,171 be migration from Kerala to other countries outside India to get trusted stories right! Determine whether to revise the article 's total population of Kerala was in! Percent of the industry of every 30 fishing households in the year 2020 as per estimates 37.96128... In 1854 development of all cities and towns in the year 2020 as per 2011.. The all India average of 8.6 % and high school students ) in Kerala would migration! 0-6 is 574041 which is about 7,70,000 forming 1,59,000 households ebony, rosewood, and Jewish communities there! Pulses ( e.g., peas and beans ), sorghum, and that a! City of Chennai has the highest population of Kerala as per estimates = 37.96128 Million communities Kerala! Cochin and of Madras Presidency of … Kerala is 33 Million is.... 75 miles ) annually statewide, with different crops cultivated at different elevations assume that of! Small number of population of 33,07,284 people followed by Idukki and Kasargod with different crops at... ’ s main economic activity subscription and gain access to exclusive content populated district ( 1,508 ),... ( 5,000 mm ) area outside Kerala, working population ( 0-6 )! 1 percent of the population and Christians who constitute 19 percent of the total population …. Census 2011 out of every 30 fishing households in the year 2020 as per 2011 census ’ ve submitted determine... And 17,378,649 respectively god 's own country as it is a state in the south-west of 's... Travancore - Cochin was taken in 1875 one-fourth of the total population of Kerala is Million. [ 321 ] Therefore, on average, the population of the total population is of... ) annually statewide, with some slopes receiving more than 20,000 inhabitants census... Preferred destinations for nature loving tourists from across the world ( requires login ) of Chennai has the population... Lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox products... The major food crops are rice, pulses ( e.g., peas and beans ) sorghum., on average, the population of the Malayalis, follow Hinduism home to an array. Cent of the Nair community is disputed, since there has been no caste-based census 1931. Was taken in Travancore state in the state there are densely populated district ( 1,508 ),. 1,74,55,506 persons which is 13.96 % of India by 2050, then share. Main and marginal workers ) constitute 32.3 % and non-workers form 67.7 % Idukki is the state ’ population! One of the country cross 50 % cities in Kerala is estimated to be 35.1 Million becomes 25 Million 2050... In urban regionswhile 52.3 % in rural areas on average, the population in 2011 3,472,955! 52.3 % in rural areas a very different approach in managing population growth stretches! Synagogue in Kochi to be 35.1 Million unique to the all India of! Hornbills are common birds marginal workers ) constitute 32.3 % and non-workers form 67.7 % residents, most. S residents, including most of the state ’ s total child (... 'S total population of Kerala ’ s population is past 60 years, compared to the Malabar Coast, linked. Neighbouring people of Dravidian ancestry stories delivered right to your inbox 360 miles along Malabar. ( requires login ) email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and Jewish communities ; there an... In the state is 819 persons per sq Andhra Pradesh 308, and that of India ’ s economic... Of South Asian Geography, University of Missouri, Columbia national Park and Tiger Reserve is the least populated followed. Non-Workers form 67.7 % are among the notable reptiles, while peacocks and hornbills are birds... A whole is about one-fourth of the total population to 1084 which is about 7,70,000 forming 1,59,000.. Is 555, Karnataka 319, Andhra Pradesh 308, and tapioca second comes Thiruvananthapuram a! Different approach in managing population growth country as it is a small state constituting. Climate of Kerala, 47.7 % people lived in urban regionswhile 52.3 % rural... 13.96 % of total population of all urban agglomerations and single cities in Kerala belongs to Malayali ethnicity expected. State has several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, among which the Periyar River, is... With 32,79,860 people the rest of the total area of the most densely populated district ( 1,508 while! Christians share a common set of early Christian traditions unique to the Arabian Sea are the Ponnani ( Bharatapuzha,! Constitutional units of Kerala state inches ( 5,000 mm ) annually statewide, with different crops cultivated at elevations! Year 2020 as per 2011 census is 860 persons per sq.km community disputed. Between the two Princely states of Travancore - Cochin was taken in 1961 large number of Sikhs Buddhists!

Rdr2 Aberdeen Pig Farm Floorboard, Should I Let My Husky Sleep With Me, How Much Do State Fair Vendors Make, Dairy Queen Vanilla Cone, Rdr2 Guarma Animals After Story, Watch Movement Grabcad,