Talavera, Battle of, Talavera de la Reina, Spain, 1809 Please provide your name, email, and your suggestion so that we can begin assessing any terminology changes. Cuesta refused. 6 SwissRegiments 5. Cotton’s Brigade (14th and 16th Light Dragoons) launched a charge into the left flank of Sebastiani’s division and the whole of the French centre began to fall back. In a bloody contest the British and Spanish under Wellesley and Cuesta won a tactical victory over the French forces of Victor and Joseph Bonaparte. Sebastiani’s Division and Leval’s German Division were to attack the British divisions in Wellesley’s centre and right. The 2/83rd and the 2/87th Regiments both fought at Talavera, one of the earliest battles in the Peninsular War. Having driven Marshal Soult's French army from Portugal, General Wellesley's 20,000 British troops advanced into Spain to join 33,000 Spanish troops under General Cuesta. Great collectible Engraving Engraving measures approximately: 10.1 inches high Each additional one ships free in US, Internationally each additional is $0.50. Reinforced by the 40th Regiment, Campbell’s line, with its right flank against the Pajar de Vergara, discharged volleys into the advancing Germans, while the British guns in the redoubt on the Pajar de Vergara fired grapeshot into their left flank. This was not the case. The French gave way in confusion and were pushed back across the Portina Brook. If you are too busy to read the site, why not download a podcast of an individual battle and listen on the move! The French attack initially fell on the British right, where the light companies of Campbell’s Brigade were surprised in the area of vineyards and walled gardens around the Pajar de Vergara, losing prisoners to the German troops of Leval’s Division. Venegas’ Spanish army, following Sebastiani, received various conflicting orders from the Supreme Junta in Seville and from Cuesta and halted on the road to Madrid from the south-east, losing contact with Sebastiani. The divisions of Ruffin and Villatte fell back. Looking for exceptional deals on Talavera Battle Monument, Talavera de la Reina vacation packages? Wellesley refused to accompany him, insisting that the Spanish authorities provide the baggage animals he needed to move supplies for his troops. With the opening of the bombardment, the French light troops rushed forward, followed by the infantry columns. 29th Regiment attacking the French at the Battle of Talavera on 27th/28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War. The battle honour ‘Talavera’ was awarded to the following British regiments: 3rd Dragoon Guards, 4th Dragoons, 14th Light Dragoons, 16th Light Dragoons, Coldstream Guards, 3rd Guards, 3rd Buffs, 7th Royal Fusiliers, 24th, 29th, 31st, 40th, 45th, 48th, 53rd, 60th, 61st, 66th, 83rd, 87th and 88th Regiments. It was apparent to Wellesley that a further French attack was under way, causing him to seek reinforcements from Cuesta, who despatched Aberquerque’s cavalry division and a battery of horse artillery. The brigades of Stewart and Tilson fell back behind the crest of the Cerro de Medellin, as Rettberg’s battery struggled to return the French cannonade. are regular units and so is the Carabineros Reales Regiment. Due to faulty orders, the King’s German Legion Brigade marched away to the west, having to be recalled and directed to its designated position as darkness fell. The two battalions of Foot Guards suffered 600 casualties out of a compliment of 2,000. The Battle of Albuera almost resulted in defeat for the allied armies, but ended largely inconclusively with terrible losses on both sides. 48th Regiment at the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War. Talavera may refer to: Battle of Talavera de la Reina Spain, an 1809 battle of the Peninsular War Battle of Talavera de la Reina 1936 during the Spanish Alcazar Add your article Home The city originated as the Roman Caesarobriga and was conquered by King Alfonso VI in 1082. Talavera may refer to: Battle of Talavera de la Reina, Spain, an 1809 battle of the Peninsular War Battle of Talavera de la Reina 1936 during the Spanish The Ba The three defeated battalions of the 9th Light met at the Portina Brook and climbed back to the top of the Cerro de Cascajal, their attack abandoned. On the peak of the Cerro de Medellin stood Donkin’s Brigade and on the lower slopes of the Cerro de Medellin, Stewart’s Brigade on the southern slope and Tilson’s Brigade on the northern slope. The background shows the Talavera battlefield. After crossing the Portuguese border in two columns, Wellesley’s army marched into Plasencia, 120 miles west of Madrid, on 9th and 10th July 1809. Wellesley and Cuesta knew that Victor lay beyond Talavera with a corps of 22,000 French troops, while a further 13,000 were in reserve at Madrid under Joseph and his chief of staff, Jourdan. On 10th July 1809, Wellesley made the short journey to Casas del Puerto, on the far side of the River Tagus, to consult with General Cuesta and see at first hand the quality of his substantial Spanish army. The Battle of Talavera (27–28 July 1809) saw an Imperial French army under King Joseph Bonaparte and Marshal Jean-Baptiste Jourdan attack a combined British and Spanish army led by Sir Arthur Wellesley. Victor assigned the second assault on the Cerro de Medellin again to Ruffin, despite the failure of his division in the first attack and the significant casualties and rough handling suffered by the 9th Light. ‘The General’s Hat’ at the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809. During the night, Victor received information that Wellesley was seeking to march around his right flank. The Battle of Talavera was one of the key confrontations of the Peninsular War. The attack was deferred for a day, by which time Victor had retired and the opportunity of fighting him before he could be reinforced by Sebastiani and Joseph had been lost. Two French generals were killed; Lapisse and van Porbeck. The Battle of Talavera. Cotton’s cavalry brigade took the rear of the British right wing, with Anson’s and Fane’s cavalry brigades further back on the right. The French infantry of the 27th opened a damaging fire on the helpless troopers. The British infantry were called to their feet and lined the edge of the summit. Victor, following his success over Mackenzie’s Division at the Casa de Salinas, brought the rest of his corps over the River Alberche and advanced towards Wellesley’s positions, with Ruffin’s Division to the front on the right, followed by Villatte’s Division, with Lapisse’s Division on the left, followed by Beaumont’s 2 cavalry regiments and with Latour-Maubourg’s cavalry division spread across the plain to the left, in front of the Spanish positions. The British infantry were again subjected to French cannon fire as they climbed back to their positions behind the summit of the Cero de Medellin. ~43 Regiments of Provincial Militia 6. Ruffin’s infantry climbed the side of the Cerro de Medellin in ‘close column of divisions’, giving them a frontage of around 150 men and a depth of 9 men. Following this engagement, Wellesley ordered Rettberg’s battery of guns to the top of the Cerro de Medellin and re-positioned the infantry, permitting the 29th to remain on the summit, where it flaunted its colours, the regiment occupying the extreme left of the British line. Cuesta’s Spanish army was even further forward, at Torrijos, 15 miles from Toledo. The 1st Hussars were equally brought down by the water course, but were further from the French. This news made it essential to fight, as Joseph could not detach a sufficient force to hold Madrid against the advancing Spanish army of Venegas, coming up from the south-east and still confront Cuesta and Wellesley with sufficient strength. Map of the Talavera battlefield: Battle of Talavera on 27th/28th July 1809: map by John Fawkes. Battles. The 9th Light was on the right, with its line of advance over the plain to the north of the Cerro de Medellin, the 24th of the Line was in the centre and the 96th of the Line on the left. Field provides an extended introduction to the battle that identifies the opposing armies and how they came to be at Talavera in western Spain in July of 1809. Wellesley was concerned about his left flank and wanted Cuesta to detach a substantial force to occupy the passes over the mountains on his left, not wishing to use British troops. Death of Colonel Donnellan of the 48th Foot during the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: picture by BAV Hardy. On the same day, Mackenzie’s infantry division with two regiments of cavalry crossed the River Alberche, a tributary of the River Tagus. At around 7pm on 27th July 1809, Ruffin’s infantry and guns moved onto the Cerro de Cascajal and opened fire across the steep ravine of the Portina Brook at the British infantry on the Cerro de Medellin. Hand to hand fighting during the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: picture by Gordon Browne. 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