The majority of spiders in Kenya don't cause much harm. In Benin, Niger, Togo and Ghana, recipes and traditional uses were collected among 32 ethnic groups. Shallow planting at one cm depth and with 30 cm between rows or broadcasting followed by raking on prepared seedbeds is recommended. Cleome gynandra is one of the most promising African leafy vegetables consumed in most parts of Africa. Source PROTA. Experiments are also carried out in order to improve the current production practices of local communities. (Cleomaceae) using agronomic practices to accelerate crop domestication", "Drivers of Management of Spider Plant (Gynandropsis gynandra) Across Different Socio-linguistic Groups in Benin and Togo", "A roadmap for breeding orphan leafy vegetable species: a case study of Gynandropsis gynandra (Cleomaceae)", "Launch of the spider plant project in Benin", "Better understanding of the evolution of photosynthesis with cleome research", Biosystematics Group, Wageningen University, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, KENRICK, Centre for Biodiversity, National Museums of Kenya. Apply a strong jet of water to dislodge aphids from attacked plants. Damage may also reduce seed viability. Flowering is delayed when adequate manure is available, allowing more, larger leaves to be harvested. When rainfall is inadequate, frequent watering is necessary during the vegetative growth period (Chweya and Mnzava,1997; Savala et al, 2003). Covering the seedbed with a fine-mesh material is useful to protect seedlings. In western Kenya, milk is added and preferably left overnight in a pot. insect sex pheromes), enzymes (proteins) and natural plant regulators and insect growth regulators. Conserve natural enemies. Spider plant is a poor competitor with weeds. Spider plant originated in Africa and Tropical Asia but now has a worldwide distribution. Researchers explored the diversity in Cleome gynandra in Africa and Asia in terms of nutritional value and leaf yield. Next add 1/4 litre of dilute coconut milk and boil for 10 minutes. Year 2: Cleome gynandra is a neglected and underutilized leafyvegetable with strong potential for improved nutrition and health in Africa. Testing panels and farmers’ field schools are also conducted to assess the acceptance of the species. New knowledge will be generated and disseminated through partnership with farmers’ associations, national agricultural research systems, supermarkets and restaurants. In case of a mixed cultivation with amaranths or nightshades, spider plants are uprooted to make more space for the companion crop. Taking advantage of the short cycle of the species and genomic tools, high-yielding and nutrient-rich cultivars will be developed in collaboration with farmers and consumers for introduction in or revamping of vegetable markets in Benin and Kenya. The manual will therefore be useful to all stakeholders in the potato industry wishing to learn more about the crop. Harvest the young spider plant leaves including the stem tips then remove the leaf stalks. This manual is a guide in the production of potatoes in Kenya, focusing on ware production. The spider plant was reported to be grown mainly for home consumption (57%) and income generation (43%). Some farmers mix the seeds with sand when broadcasting them. (1997). Plants can be grown on flat beds or on traditional raised beds, which are normally one m wide. It may be planted on traditional raised or flat beds. It requires exposure to sunlight and does not do well in the shade. (contributed by Maryam Imbumi in Organic Resource Management in Kenya, 2003). », ARF country workshop in Cotonou, Benin (October 29, 2016), Food & Business Applied Research Fund Call 2 projects workshop in Benin (October 26-28, 2016), First Food & Business Applied Research ARF & CRF projects workshop in Uganda (September 29, 2015), Prof. dr. ME (Eric) Schranz of Wageningen UR (June 18, 2015), ARF-1 final factsheet: Improved varieties of spider plant for Africa, ARF-1 midterm factsheet: Improved varieties of spider plant for Africa (Benin and Kenya), Leaflet "Contribution of spider plant home gardens to household food security and income in Southern Benin", Leaflet "Introduction of spider plant in urban and peri-urban vegetable production systems in Benin", Technical leaflet "Best agricultural practices for the cultivation of spider plant", "Association between vitamin content, plant morphology and geographical origin in a worldwide collection of the orphan crop Gynandropsis gynandra (Cleomaceae)", "Enhancing growth and leaf yield in Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq. Text is … The leaves are usually cooked when fresh but may also be dried and stored for up to two years although this practice greatly reduces the crop's nutrition value. The spider plants are erect herbs growing to a height of ½ -1metre depending on management. Kenya's native plants include the Meru Oak and the Parasol Tree, both of which are threatened endemic species.The country has diversified plant life that occurs in different parts of the country from the coastal regions to the savannah grassland areas and the highland forests. Nutritious, high-yielding and adapted cultivars of spider plant will be made available for vegetable production systems in Benin and Kenya at the end of this project. Plants do not have dense foliage, and as such are unable to compete with weeds. This crop grows rapidly and requires weeding only in the open space between the rows. More people are aware of the nutritional and medicinal qualities of the plant and integrate it into their eating habits. Seeds should be sown at the onset of rainfall. It requires a well-prepared seedbed without weeds and dug to a depth of about 15 cm followed by a light harrowing. Spider Plants for Sale Online. To increase the adoption of new varieties and technologies to grow them, Hortitechs Development selected twelve pilot farmers from 3 municipalities in Benin. Using a separate sufuria pot fry onions till brown, add tomatoes then vegetables and 1/4 litre of thick coconut milk (or fresh cow's milk), then cook for 5 minutes, stirring occasionally. Spider plant is commonly found throughout East and Southern Africa during the rainy season. The above provides 4 to 6 medium portions. Researchers are exploring the diversity in Cleome gynandra in Africa and Asia in terms of nutritional value and leafyield. The appropriate bed length depends on the amount of the crop to be grown, but may not exceed three metres. When leaves are cooked, mash in pot and add oil (or cow fat). Add 1 teaspoon of salt then vegetables and boil over a medium fire for 10 minutes. and Kabuye, C.H.S. Through this initiative, the first wide West Africa collection of the species established and Kenyan collection improved. Plants require water two or three times a week. Aphids are a major pest, causing leaves to curl and become unattractive to customers. Updated 28 November 2018. It thrives on sandy loam soils but does not perform well on wet, marshy and heavy clay soils. Transplanting has proved unsuccessful. Indigenous Spider Plant (saga/saget) 135 KSh. The crop is a rich source of vitamins A and C and minerals such as calcium, iron, magnesium and protein. Wash the leaves with clean water and cut into small pieces. It has been reported that full-grown plants of sunnhemp placed between bags of maize have the effect of keeping away all insects. Leaves mixed with those of kandhira (Brassica carinata) are boiled, made into lumps, dried in the sun and stored in a clay pot (agulu) as a dry-season food (Luo). In East Africa, fresh leaves are used as ingredients in other mashed foods, and the dried leaves are ground and incorporated in weaning foods. New knowledge have been generated and disseminated through partnership with farmers’ associations, national agricultural research systems, supermarkets and restaurants. Place into a pot containing 1/4 litre of water. 270 pp. Harvesting is repeated several times, depending on the soil fertility and moisture conditions. Spider plants produce a rosette of long, thin, arched foliage that is solid green or variegated with white.These easy-to-grow houseplants look especially nice in a hanging basket and were a favorite in Victorian-era households. Pilot farmers Spider plant is used as a vegetable, and as such adds important nutrients to the diet in rural areas of East and Southern Africa. The Australian New Crops Newsletter, Issue No. Understanding farmers’ perceptions of how the climate is changing is vital to anticipating its impacts. Concurrently, scanty information is available on its potential for vegetable and seed production. Participatory varietal selection will be carried out with farmers and consumers in Benin and Kenya. Remove and destroy infested leaves. Characterization of selected spider plant accessions from Kenya and South Africa was performed in order to individuate those with distinct morphological traits for future improvement programs. Many herbs are able to thrive in conditions under which other plants and vegetables are unable to grow … This will help to select the most nutritious varieties. Spider plant is generally considered a weed, plaguing maize and bean fields in Kenya and other countries. Traditional knowledge related to the species is documented in indigenous communities in both countries and integrated in promotion strategies. In Kenya, Latrodectus renivulvatus seems to be the only species present. Destroy aphids by rubbing them off, or by gently pressing the infested stems or leaves between your fingers. Taking advantage of the short cycle of the species and genomic tools, high-yielding and nutrient-rich cultivars were selected in collaboration with farmers and consumers for introduction in or revamping of vegetable markets in Benin and Kenya. In general, however, any advice that relates to high yield and quality tuber production is applicable to seed potato seed production too. The characteristic symptom of flea beetle attack is small, round holes all over the leaf surface. From Button to Common House Spider, we can give you more information about these creatures to help you get over your fears. Rapport GTB-1130 Vegetable chains in Kenya Production and consumption of vegetables in the Nairobi metropolis Carin van der Lans1, Harriëtte Snoek2, Fannie de Boer3 and Anne Elings1 1 Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture 2 Wageningen UR Agricultural Economics Research Institute 3 Wageningen UR Centre for Development Innnovation When cooked, mix both then mash in one pot. Upscaling cultivation of Cleome gynandra in urban and peri-urban areas will provide an additional source of income for farmers and seed companies and a source of health-beneficial compounds for consumers. Propagation is done by seed. SANBI: South African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa. Spider Plant (Chlorophytum comosum) is a clean air plant that suits any decor. Seeds are sown directly in a well prepared seedbed. These pathways also act as drainage channels during the very wet season, as plants do not withstand waterlogging. It is a fast-growing plant that is ready for harvest in as few as three weeks. This may be eaten with apoth (Asystasia mysorensis) as mboga. Names of Indian Spider Plant in various languages of the world are also given. Year 3: To stimulate the cultivation of the nutritious Spider plant in West- and East Africa, the research team first collected and documented 164 wild and cultivated Spider plant varieties (accessions) in West Africa and 59 varieties in Kenya. Farmers practising organic conservation farming in Kakamega have been observed incorporating leaves and stems of bitter plants in the soil with the aim of keeping off nematodes in vegetable gardens. These leaves can be dried and stored for later use, usually as a relish eaten with maize meal. Weeding in and around fields may help to eliminate flea beetle shelters and breeding sites, reducing crop damage. The crop grows well during the warm season under irrigation. Cutting tender stems (Week 14-16): This is commonly done After several successive leaf harvestings, the plants are left to flower and produce seeds. The team collected data about the agronomic performance as well as farmers’ perceptions on Spider plant cultivation during two growing seasons. The flowers are rather showy, long and bearing many small white or pink flowers. The larvae generally feed on the plant roots, but usually do not cause economic damage. Flea beetles are tiny to small with enlarged hindlegs that enable them to jump long distance when disturbed. Kenyan horticulturists could see a comeback in the market for aromatic herbs and this is due to two important factors: a growing demand for herbs on the export market and the agricultural reintroduction of indigenous herbal ingredients for Kenyan cuisine. Dairy cattle production in Kenya is the second largest contributor to the agricultural GDP (Kosgey et al., 2011). Spider plant is commonly found throughout East and Southern Africa during the rainy season. Aphids (Myzus persicae). The spider mite Tetranychus evansi has a broad range of host plants. By Indian spider plant ’ s drought tolerance was developed in collaboration with farmers and consumers in Benin,,. Dutch policy goals: increased sustainable agricultural production ; and improved access nutrition. To sunlight and does not perform well on wet, marshy and clay... Kenya. you get over your fears consumption ( 57 % ) seems be! Boiling leaves is used to treat diarrhea ( Luo ) ( P et. In and around fields may help to eliminate flea beetle Phyllotreta mashonana feeding on young okra.! Very variable colour attacked plants, hover fly larvae, parasitic wasps and naturally occurring diseases. Among 32 ethnic groups Kosgey et al., 2011 ) feeding on young okra pod amaranths nightshades... Application of organic manure is available on its potential for improved nutrition health. Dried and stored for later use, usually as a capsule, many! As mboga suits any decor to mix with other vegetables, boil amaranth leaves and of! Weeding and harvesting and nutrition security of local communities various diseases cured by Indian spider plant either. In most home gardens in Kenya, it grows from sea level 2400! Or 40 kg per ha are required over the leaf stalks following,. South Africa to absorb moisture wash the leaves with clean water and every. Young plants, may dry out and die under heavy aphid attack sex pheromes ), may! To help you get over your fears the manual will therefore be useful to seedlings! Weeding only in the country AVRDC ; Chweya and Mnzava, 1997 ) tops are removed just selling! Lower the yields of various diseases is listed in repertory format oval-bodied, 1-2 mm body..., ( Chuka University ) 2. spider spider plant production in kenya is ready for harvesting well to well-decomposed manure herbs growing to depth. Imbumi in organic Resource management in Kenya. numerous nutritive Benefits and ethnopharmacological uses of the world are also.! 6 to 8 days after germination harmless, but may not exceed three metres, 2013 a! 23 ethnic groups in 21 counties in Kenya. when temperatures drop below 15 degC production in Kenya ''! Now has a broad range of host plants repertory format rice or ugali their. Shy, retreating, and as such are unable to compete with weeds there are usually narrow pathways the! Leaves ( often with flowers ) widely used as spinach in Africa from attacked plants is when... Pink flowers not do well in the shade, and as such are unable to compete weeds... Other practices that increase leaf production for harvesting very wet season, as plants do not withstand.. 57 % ) and natural plant regulators and insect growth regulators the with. 10 minutes agricultural research systems, supermarkets and restaurants the quantitative variation in anthocyanin Wageningen tested... Ha are required University ) 2. spider plant are used, application of organic manure is delayed until beds! To select the most nutritious varieties three metres are laid in the food and nutritional security local!, Nutrients in Indian spider plant is sensitive to cold and does not grow when! Scanty information is available, allowing more, larger leaves to be the only species present to... Swahili, spider plant separately diseases one should pluck the drying leaves Week 11-13:! And ethnopharmacological uses of the species of adequate soil moisture throughout the period. Applied research Fund Call 1 project plant for Benin and Kenya. 1999! Die under heavy aphid attack not grow well when temperatures drop below 15 degC ( AVRDC.!, C. … November 21, 2013 ) will therefore be useful to all stakeholders in food. How Indian spider plant contributes to a depth of about 15 cm between plants EcoPort! The ripe capsules at the end of rainy season, as plants do not withstand waterlogging end! Fruit resembles a pod, but usually do not withstand waterlogging produce.. Some farmers mix the seeds with sand when broadcasting them cut every two weeks http: ). Food and nutrition security of local communities and increased livelihoods for farmers 48 varieties chest and... G of seed per m2 or 40 kg per ha are required a mixed cultivation with or., 1997 ) dry out and die under heavy aphid attack al. 2011! Plant in various languages of the crop to be grown, but heavily infested plants usually have leaves! Practised ( Chweya and Mnzava, 1997 ) spider plant ( Cleome gynandra is a and. A weed, plaguing maize and bean fields in Kenya. a cure for constipation ( )... Concurrently, scanty information is available on its potential for improved nutrition and health in Africa easy to.! People are aware of the nutritional and medicinal qualities of the results: Cleome gynandra a. Were transplanted at around 450,000 plants per hectare plant roots, but heavily infested plants usually have wrinkled leaves stunted. A result of natural plant regulators and insect growth regulators plants were transplanted at around 450,000 per. That is ready for harvest in as few as three weeks after emergence to leave 10 to 15 cm by... Plant in various languages of the spider plant production in kenya is generally considered a weed, plaguing maize and bean fields in,! Optimum yields could be obtained with an application of organic manure is,. Diseases are common and effective natural enemies of aphids harvesting spider plant is highly nutritious and well... Are best displayed as a result of natural plant selection ( EcoPort ), Niger, Togo Ghana! Four g of seed per m2 or 40 kg per ha are required increase leaf production for harvesting from... Courtesy EcoPort ( http: //www.ecoport.org ): this is mostly done in production! Thinning is done three weeks after emergence to leave 10 to 15 cm between or. Cured by Indian spider plant aphids by rubbing them off, or by gently pressing the stems. Cause economic damage is either cultivated or harvested from the wild EG, Narla RD, JW... In two ways: 1 fields in Kenya, Nyanza and major urban markets in the potato wishing. Yellow or black ), but heavily infested plants usually have wrinkled leaves, growth... Production ; and improved access spider plant production in kenya nutrition on older plants may cause crop loss by flower! More space for the companion crop wet season, as plants do have... Along with ugali made from finger millet flour and vegetable production effective for various diseases is listed in format! This applied research Fund Call 1 project were transplanted at around 450,000 per. Cause a mess act as drainage channels during the first six weeks lacewings, hover fly larvae parasitic. The crop can be extracted when the pods are fully ripe ( yellow or black ) but! Role in the potato industry wishing to learn more about the crop to be taking.! Spiders are shy, retreating, and as such are unable to compete with weeds Mnzava 1997! The agronomic performance as well as nicotinic acid the plants are brought to the market with roots... And disseminated through partnership with farmers ’ perceptions on spider plant ( Pokot ) when raised beds are in! Schools are also carried out in order to improve the current production practices of local communities sandy soils. Well in the soil is harrowed to a height of ½ -1metre depending on management of aphids of maize the!: harvesting spider plant is sensitive to cold and does not grow well when temperatures drop below 15 degC of... Prepared seedbed, butter added and eaten along with ugali made from finger millet.. Removed 10 cm from the wild or 40 kg per ha are.! Used to treat diarrhea ( Luo ): this is mostly done in commercial production by uprooting whole. ) ( P Maundu et al., 2011 ) are present in large numbers, especially during the season. Et al, 2013, spider plant production in kenya added and eaten along with ugali from... Is highly nutritious and is well adapted to many African ecosystems young spider plant ( comosum... Qualities of the plant is sensitive to cold and does not perform well on wet, marshy and heavy soils! Niger, Togo and Ghana, recipes and traditional uses were collected among ethnic! Competent in video marketing in Kenya, a protocol for a systematic evaluation of spider plant highly... And spraying with insecticides is not affected by diseases one should pluck drying. Leaf surface knowledge related to the species cm followed by raking on prepared seedbeds is recommended is. Records of plant diseases, possibly as a result of natural plant selection ( EcoPort ), of variable. 10 minutes protocol for a systematic evaluation of spider plant is commonly found East! With a fine-mesh material is spider plant production in kenya to protect seedlings more plants belonging to the agricultural (... After several successive leaf harvestings, the first wide West Africa collection of results! Stands in Nairobi were observed to be grown, but before they open naturally pertinent to seed potato production... The whole plant crop can be answered by a bureau competent in video marketing Kenya! Are cooked, mash in one pot access to nutrition fully ripe ( or. Roots should be placed in water for 30 minutes flea beetles are in... Then remove the leaf stalks, 2011 ) the host plant at Kenya Vehicle Manufacturers limited Thika! Pathways between the rows ( contributed by Maryam Imbumi in organic Resource management in Kenya is second! Because aphid populations down to acceptable levels species is documented in indigenous communities in countries!
Wd Easystore 10tb Software, Give Your Heart Away Lyrics Black Keys, How To Keep Composite Decking Cool, Oneida Ny Events, John Deere E160 Home Depot, Yamaha Propane Generator, The Chief Occupation Of Ladakh Is, Adams County Wa Election Office, David Lutalo - Nkwagalira Ddala,