spider plant production in kenya

The majority of spiders in Kenya don't cause much harm. In Benin, Niger, Togo and Ghana, recipes and traditional uses were collected among 32 ethnic groups. Shallow planting at one cm depth and with 30 cm between rows or broadcasting followed by raking on prepared seedbeds is recommended. Cleome gynandra is one of the most promising African leafy vegetables consumed in most parts of Africa. Source PROTA. Experiments are also carried out in order to improve the current production practices of local communities. (Cleomaceae) using agronomic practices to accelerate crop domestication", "Drivers of Management of Spider Plant (Gynandropsis gynandra) Across Different Socio-linguistic Groups in Benin and Togo", "A roadmap for breeding orphan leafy vegetable species: a case study of Gynandropsis gynandra (Cleomaceae)", "Launch of the spider plant project in Benin", "Better understanding of the evolution of photosynthesis with cleome research", Biosystematics Group, Wageningen University, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, KENRICK, Centre for Biodiversity, National Museums of Kenya. Apply a strong jet of water to dislodge aphids from attacked plants. Damage may also reduce seed viability. Flowering is delayed when adequate manure is available, allowing more, larger leaves to be harvested. When rainfall is inadequate, frequent watering is necessary during the vegetative growth period (Chweya and Mnzava,1997; Savala et al, 2003). Covering the seedbed with a fine-mesh material is useful to protect seedlings. In western Kenya, milk is added and preferably left overnight in a pot. insect sex pheromes), enzymes (proteins) and natural plant regulators and insect growth regulators. Conserve natural enemies. Spider plant is a poor competitor with weeds. Spider plant originated in Africa and Tropical Asia but now has a worldwide distribution. Researchers explored the diversity in Cleome gynandra in Africa and Asia in terms of nutritional value and leaf yield. Next add 1/4 litre of dilute coconut milk and boil for 10 minutes. Year 2: Cleome gynandra is a neglected and underutilized leafyvegetable with strong potential for improved nutrition and health in Africa. Testing panels and farmers’ field schools are also conducted to assess the acceptance of the species. New knowledge will be generated and disseminated through partnership with farmers’ associations, national agricultural research systems, supermarkets and restaurants. In case of a mixed cultivation with amaranths or nightshades, spider plants are uprooted to make more space for the companion crop. Taking advantage of the short cycle of the species and genomic tools, high-yielding and nutrient-rich cultivars will be developed in collaboration with farmers and consumers for introduction in or revamping of vegetable markets in Benin and Kenya. The manual will therefore be useful to all stakeholders in the potato industry wishing to learn more about the crop. Harvest the young spider plant leaves including the stem tips then remove the leaf stalks. This manual is a guide in the production of potatoes in Kenya, focusing on ware production. The spider plant was reported to be grown mainly for home consumption (57%) and income generation (43%). Some farmers mix the seeds with sand when broadcasting them. (1997). Plants can be grown on flat beds or on traditional raised beds, which are normally one m wide. It may be planted on traditional raised or flat beds. It requires exposure to sunlight and does not do well in the shade. (contributed by Maryam Imbumi in Organic Resource Management in Kenya, 2003). », ARF country workshop in Cotonou, Benin (October 29, 2016), Food & Business Applied Research Fund Call 2 projects workshop in Benin (October 26-28, 2016), First Food & Business Applied Research ARF & CRF projects workshop in Uganda (September 29, 2015), Prof. dr. ME (Eric) Schranz of Wageningen UR (June 18, 2015), ARF-1 final factsheet: Improved varieties of spider plant for Africa, ARF-1 midterm factsheet: Improved varieties of spider plant for Africa (Benin and Kenya), Leaflet "Contribution of spider plant home gardens to household food security and income in Southern Benin", Leaflet "Introduction of spider plant in urban and peri-urban vegetable production systems in Benin", Technical leaflet "Best agricultural practices for the cultivation of spider plant", "Association between vitamin content, plant morphology and geographical origin in a worldwide collection of the orphan crop Gynandropsis gynandra (Cleomaceae)", "Enhancing growth and leaf yield in Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq. Text is … The leaves are usually cooked when fresh but may also be dried and stored for up to two years although this practice greatly reduces the crop's nutrition value. The spider plants are erect herbs growing to a height of ½ -1metre depending on management. Kenya's native plants include the Meru Oak and the Parasol Tree, both of which are threatened endemic species.The country has diversified plant life that occurs in different parts of the country from the coastal regions to the savannah grassland areas and the highland forests. Nutritious, high-yielding and adapted cultivars of spider plant will be made available for vegetable production systems in Benin and Kenya at the end of this project. Plants do not have dense foliage, and as such are unable to compete with weeds. This crop grows rapidly and requires weeding only in the open space between the rows. More people are aware of the nutritional and medicinal qualities of the plant and integrate it into their eating habits. Seeds should be sown at the onset of rainfall. It requires a well-prepared seedbed without weeds and dug to a depth of about 15 cm followed by a light harrowing. Spider Plants for Sale Online. To increase the adoption of new varieties and technologies to grow them, Hortitechs Development selected twelve pilot farmers from 3 municipalities in Benin. Using a separate sufuria pot fry onions till brown, add tomatoes then vegetables and 1/4 litre of thick coconut milk (or fresh cow's milk), then cook for 5 minutes, stirring occasionally. Spider plant is commonly found throughout East and Southern Africa during the rainy season. The above provides 4 to 6 medium portions. Researchers are exploring the diversity in Cleome gynandra in Africa and Asia in terms of nutritional value and leafyield. The appropriate bed length depends on the amount of the crop to be grown, but may not exceed three metres. When leaves are cooked, mash in pot and add oil (or cow fat). Add 1 teaspoon of salt then vegetables and boil over a medium fire for 10 minutes. and Kabuye, C.H.S. Through this initiative, the first wide West Africa collection of the species established and Kenyan collection improved. Plants require water two or three times a week. Aphids are a major pest, causing leaves to curl and become unattractive to customers. Updated 28 November 2018. It thrives on sandy loam soils but does not perform well on wet, marshy and heavy clay soils. Transplanting has proved unsuccessful. Indigenous Spider Plant (saga/saget) 135 KSh. The crop is a rich source of vitamins A and C and minerals such as calcium, iron, magnesium and protein. Wash the leaves with clean water and cut into small pieces. It has been reported that full-grown plants of sunnhemp placed between bags of maize have the effect of keeping away all insects. Leaves mixed with those of kandhira (Brassica carinata) are boiled, made into lumps, dried in the sun and stored in a clay pot (agulu) as a dry-season food (Luo). In East Africa, fresh leaves are used as ingredients in other mashed foods, and the dried leaves are ground and incorporated in weaning foods. New knowledge have been generated and disseminated through partnership with farmers’ associations, national agricultural research systems, supermarkets and restaurants. Place into a pot containing 1/4 litre of water. 270 pp. Harvesting is repeated several times, depending on the soil fertility and moisture conditions. Spider plants produce a rosette of long, thin, arched foliage that is solid green or variegated with white.These easy-to-grow houseplants look especially nice in a hanging basket and were a favorite in Victorian-era households. Pilot farmers Spider plant is used as a vegetable, and as such adds important nutrients to the diet in rural areas of East and Southern Africa. The Australian New Crops Newsletter, Issue No. Understanding farmers’ perceptions of how the climate is changing is vital to anticipating its impacts. Concurrently, scanty information is available on its potential for vegetable and seed production. Participatory varietal selection will be carried out with farmers and consumers in Benin and Kenya. Remove and destroy infested leaves. Characterization of selected spider plant accessions from Kenya and South Africa was performed in order to individuate those with distinct morphological traits for future improvement programs. Many herbs are able to thrive in conditions under which other plants and vegetables are unable to grow … This will help to select the most nutritious varieties. Spider plant is generally considered a weed, plaguing maize and bean fields in Kenya and other countries. Traditional knowledge related to the species is documented in indigenous communities in both countries and integrated in promotion strategies. In Kenya, Latrodectus renivulvatus seems to be the only species present. Destroy aphids by rubbing them off, or by gently pressing the infested stems or leaves between your fingers. Taking advantage of the short cycle of the species and genomic tools, high-yielding and nutrient-rich cultivars were selected in collaboration with farmers and consumers for introduction in or revamping of vegetable markets in Benin and Kenya. In general, however, any advice that relates to high yield and quality tuber production is applicable to seed potato seed production too. The characteristic symptom of flea beetle attack is small, round holes all over the leaf surface. From Button to Common House Spider, we can give you more information about these creatures to help you get over your fears. Rapport GTB-1130 Vegetable chains in Kenya Production and consumption of vegetables in the Nairobi metropolis Carin van der Lans1, Harriëtte Snoek2, Fannie de Boer3 and Anne Elings1 1 Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture 2 Wageningen UR Agricultural Economics Research Institute 3 Wageningen UR Centre for Development Innnovation When cooked, mix both then mash in one pot. Upscaling cultivation of Cleome gynandra in urban and peri-urban areas will provide an additional source of income for farmers and seed companies and a source of health-beneficial compounds for consumers. Propagation is done by seed. SANBI: South African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa. Spider Plant (Chlorophytum comosum) is a clean air plant that suits any decor. Seeds are sown directly in a well prepared seedbed. These pathways also act as drainage channels during the very wet season, as plants do not withstand waterlogging. It is a fast-growing plant that is ready for harvest in as few as three weeks. This may be eaten with apoth (Asystasia mysorensis) as mboga. Names of Indian Spider Plant in various languages of the world are also given. Year 3: To stimulate the cultivation of the nutritious Spider plant in West- and East Africa, the research team first collected and documented 164 wild and cultivated Spider plant varieties (accessions) in West Africa and 59 varieties in Kenya. Farmers practising organic conservation farming in Kakamega have been observed incorporating leaves and stems of bitter plants in the soil with the aim of keeping off nematodes in vegetable gardens. These leaves can be dried and stored for later use, usually as a relish eaten with maize meal. Weeding in and around fields may help to eliminate flea beetle shelters and breeding sites, reducing crop damage. The crop grows well during the warm season under irrigation. Cutting tender stems (Week 14-16): This is commonly done After several successive leaf harvestings, the plants are left to flower and produce seeds. The team collected data about the agronomic performance as well as farmers’ perceptions on Spider plant cultivation during two growing seasons. The flowers are rather showy, long and bearing many small white or pink flowers. The larvae generally feed on the plant roots, but usually do not cause economic damage. Flea beetles are tiny to small with enlarged hindlegs that enable them to jump long distance when disturbed. Kenyan horticulturists could see a comeback in the market for aromatic herbs and this is due to two important factors: a growing demand for herbs on the export market and the agricultural reintroduction of indigenous herbal ingredients for Kenyan cuisine. Dairy cattle production in Kenya is the second largest contributor to the agricultural GDP (Kosgey et al., 2011). 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