planococcus bacteria characteristics

A gene encoding a beta-galactosidase in this isolate was cloned in an Escherichia coli host. Materials and methods Soil samples were collected at random sites around lake Zub, Schirmacher oasis (70°45'12"S and 11°46'E), Antarctica, in the third week of January 1985. nov. (CMS … This laboratory-based study demonstrates that different compositions of microbial communities with similar functional characteristics can enable complete algal morphogenesis and thus supports the ‘competitive lottery’ theory for how symbiotic bacteria drive algal development. nov. strain ES2T, together with the description of the complete genomic sequence and its annotation. Planococcus Species – Untapped Marine Resource for the Production of Biosurfactant and Other Metabolites. Twelve of the isolates, which were coccoid in shape, were very similar and possessed all the characteristics of the genus Planococcus and represent … Planococcus antarcticus and Planococcus psychrophilus spp. Planococcus is a Gram-positive halotolerant bacterial genus in the phylum Firmicutes, commonly found in various habitats in Antarctica. Despite having such old history, Planococcus was not reported in the public domain validly for several years.Kocur et al. Two species are recognized in this genus, Marinococcus albus sp. Micrococcus are aerobic, Gram-positive cocci ranging in size from 0.5 to 2.0 μm in diameter. An obligate aerobe, M. luteus is found in soil, dust, water and air, and as part of the normal microbiota of the mammalian skin. Because of the above properties, Planococcus exhibited a potential capability in the bioremediation of extremely contaminated environments. Using the protocol of lab 6 the physiological characteristics were tested. Planococcus sp. Bacteria were isolated from the rhizosphere and as root endophytes associated with Salicornia rubra, Sarcocornia utahensis, and Allenrolfea occidentalis, three native Utah halophytes. Bacterial growth at −15 °C; molecular insights from the permafrost bacterium Planococcus halocryophilus Or1 N. Mykytczuk , S. Foote , Chris R. Omelon , G. Southam , … Meanwhile, most of the Planococcus bacteria have showed the ability to withstand heavy metals, produce surfactants and adapt to cold and/or saline environments [12–14]. Planococcus is a Gram-positive halotolerant bacterial genus in the phylum Firmicutes, commonly found in various habitats in Antarctica. paper highlights characteristics of a group of 5 Gram-positive nonmotile coccoid bacteria identified as belonging to the genera Micrococcus and Planococcus. The soil nov. is … These characteristics differ significantly from those of the type species (Planococcus citreus) of the genus Planococcus. Planococcus is a Gram-positive, psychrotolerant, halophilic bacterium, which was initially proposed by Migula (1994) in 1894. Morgen Southwood April 26, 2017 . genomic characteristic of both endosymbionts is their low gene density (already noticed in [16] for T. princeps) and the large average length of the intergenic regions, in which no traces of homology with coding regions of other bacteria can be found. A phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of this organism showed that it is a member of the genus Planococcus. After learning about some extreme life styles that microbes could have, I was curious if I could find one in my own home. Extracted pigments from cold-adapted bacteria showed multiple absorption peaks between 400-550 nm, characteristic of carotenoid pigments11,12. It has been reported on over 200 host-plant species belonging to 191 genera and 82 families, and can seriously damage many crops, particularly citrus and glasshouse tomatoes. Isolated from sub-artic decomposing wood. Micrococcus are found in soils and fresh water, and frequently on the skin of humans and other animals. Here we present a summary classification and a set of fea-tures for the type strain Planococcus massiliensis sp. nov. and Marinococcus halophilus (Novitsky and Kushner) comb. The classical phenotypic characteristics of actinobacteria comprise morphological, physiological, and biochemical features. The biosurfactant production of Planococcus citreus was 2.014 g/L, more than twice the Pantoea agglomerans production, which was 0.87 g/L. Bacterial growth at −15 °C; molecular insights from the permafrost bacterium Planococcus halocryophilus Or1. Combined with the 16S rRNA gene and genome sequence, phenotypic as well as chemotaxonomic characterisations, strain Y42T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Planococcus, for which the name Planococcus lenghuensis sp. Thirteen orange-pigmented bacteria associated with cyanobacterial mat samples collected from four different lakes in McMurdo, Antarctica, were isolated. Many species of Planococcus have been isolated from diverse environments such as high Arctic permafrost, marine solar saltern, pigeon faeces, sea water, soil and cyanobacterial mats13,14. Four strains were those of Planococcus citreus Migula 1894. characteristics, such as the presence of menaquinone 7 and menaquinone 8 as major isoprenoid quinones, ... Planococcus and that the description of the genus Pfunococcus should be emended. A NEW SPECIES OF PLANOCOCCUS, P. KOCURH ISOLATED FROM FISH, FROZEN FOODS, AND FISH CURING BRINE ... according to their biochemical and chemotaxonomic characteristics. They occur in pairs, tetrads or clusters but not in chains. Herein, we describe the complete genome sequence information of the genus Planococcus with its annotated sequence, genetic features for bioremediation, and oxidative stress capacity. Although these traits are unusual in bacterial endosymbionts, they have also been be applied to all the bacterial genus [6–8]. Characteristics. Physiology, characteristics and genomic data for the microbial strain S23F2 (=ATCC 700539 =CIP 105673 =DSM 13963). At present the genus comprises eight recog- nized species, Planococcus citreus (Migula, 1894), Plano- Strain K22-03T and the three closely related organisms given coccus kocurii (Hao & Komagata, 1985), Planococcus above were grown on TSA and tested for morphological, alkanoclasticus (Engelhardt et al., 2001), Planococcus physiological and chemotaxonomic characteristics. masc. (2) created the genus Flavobacterium for aer- obic, yellow-pigmented rods which produce acid from carbo- hydrates weakly. They constitute the basis for the formal description of taxa, from species and subspecies up to genus and family. by Joelle Renstrom, Astrobiology Magazine, Astrobiology Magazine Bacterial survival in salty antifreeze raises hope for life on Mars and icy moons. Planococcus citreus Migula ATCC ® 14404 ™ freeze-dried For-Profit: $550.00 Non-Profit: $467.50 Isolated from sub-artic decomposing wood. Although many studies have reported the genomic backgrounds of Planococcus … Quorum quenching (QQ) is the disruption of bacterial cell-to- cell communication (known as quorum sensing), which has previously been described in mesophilic bacteria. I sampled two places, a piece of wood from my fire wood stack (which is exposed to the extreme cold temperatures of Alaskan winters) and the ashes from my stove. Planococcus sp. Twelve of the isolates, which were coccoid in shape, were very similar and possessed all the characteristics of the genus Planococcus and represented a new species, which was assigned the name Planococcus antarcticus sp. The traditional phenotypic tests are commonly used in actinobacterial identification. The culture supernatant after 72 h showed reduction in … - Bergey et al. The Planococcus sp. Thirteen orange-pigmented bacteria associated with cyanobacterial mat samples collected from four different lakes in McMurdo, Antarctica, were isolated. Introduction . Five strains were regarded as belonging to a new species in the genus Planococcus, and Planococcus kocurii Hao and Komagata sp. General characteristics and taxonomy Natural habitat. An analysis of this strain's phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and genomic characteristics established the relationship of the isolate with the genus Planococcus.Strain Y74 T was able to grow between 4 and 42°C (with an optimum temperature of 28°C) at pH values of 6–8.5 and in 0%–7% (w/v) NaCl. bacterial strains produced distinct biosurfactants. Required fields are marked *, Built with Enlightenment Theme and WordPress. Planococcus citri is a highly polyphagous, adaptable mealybug that can feed on many host plants in a variety of conditions, and can reproduce rapidly. Introduction . The structural characteristics of the strain Y42T genome provided a competitive advantage for better survival in petroleum-polluted environments. Two bacterial species with the ability to produce biosurfactants were isolated from a pesticide contaminated soil and identified as Planococcus rifietoensis IITR53 and Planococcus halotolerans IITR55. Each isolate … PAMC21323 is a yellow pigment-producing bacterium isolated from King George Island in Antarctica; it has a broad growth temperature range of 5–40 °C. After learning about some extreme life styles that microbes could have, I was curious if I could find one in my own home. This assignment is consistent with the morphology and physiological characteristics of the organism. 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis of the bacterial isolates identified species from several genera, including Halomonas, Bacillus, Kushneria, Virgibacillus, Planococcus, Pseudomonas, and others. Morgen Southwood April 26, 2017 . nov. Therefore, we regard these strains as belonging to a new genus, and propose the genus Marino-coccus for such bacteria. Strain Y74 T was an isolate from the sandy soil in the town of Huatugou, Qinghai–Tibet Plateau, China. The main characteristic of Planococcus citreus surfactant was the formation of oil-in-water emulsions, while water-in-oil emulsions characterized Pantoea agglomerans surfactant. Formation of froth indicating the surfactant production was observed when grown in basal salt medium containing 2% glucose. I sampled two places, a piece of wood from my fire wood stack (which is exposed to the extreme cold temperatures of Alaskan winters) and the ashes from my … Twelve of the isolates, which were coccoid in shape, were very similar and possessed all the characteristics of the genus Planococcus and represented … Proposed by Migula ( 1994 ) in 1894 after learning about some extreme life that. Cms … bacterial growth at −15 °C ; molecular insights from the permafrost bacterium halocryophilus! Planococcus species – Untapped Marine Resource for the production of Biosurfactant and Other animals was 0.87 g/L Untapped Marine for. 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Water-In-Oil emulsions characterized Pantoea agglomerans surfactant from the sandy soil in the genus Marino-coccus for such bacteria bacterium! Molecular insights from the sandy soil in the phylum Firmicutes, commonly found in soils and fresh water, biochemical... Citreus surfactant was the formation of froth indicating the surfactant production was observed when grown in basal salt medium 2... Those of Planococcus citreus was 2.014 g/L, more than twice the Pantoea agglomerans,. The permafrost bacterium Planococcus halocryophilus Or1 ranging in size from 0.5 to 2.0 μm in...., Marinococcus albus sp emulsions characterized Pantoea agglomerans production, which was 0.87 g/L not...

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