history of burmese rubies

For the first time in jewellery history an exhibition of Burmese rubies will take place in Monaco from 1-21 August. A stunning natural Burmese engagement ring. They had to insert them … Burmese rubies are associated with quality because of their intense color, perfect quantities of silk, and strong fluorescence. However, wearing it on the left wasn’t enough. In general, Mozambique rubies are often less expensive than Burmese ruby while holding their own in terms of appearance and beauty. Ruby History and Lore. Another factor is their natural fluorescence, which has the effect of making the stone ‘come alive’ and appear internally illuminated. The top lot of the night was a 32.08 carat cushion-shaped Burmese ruby and diamond ring by Chaumet, which sold for more than $6.7 million —  a new world record price for any ruby sold at auction. The rubies and diamonds were set in a series of rose motifs, and if you know your English history, you’ll recognize a heraldic rose that combines white and red petals as the Tudor rose. When only the most luscious of red rubies will do for a special jewelry setting, precious stones harvested from Burma prove nearly impossible to top. Set in an Art Deco Cartier ring, the extraordinary Burmese ruby, weighing approximately 23.66 carats, sparked intense bidding from around the world before selling for just under $6 million. Most gemological authorities expect a medium to medium dark-red color tone in a ruby. Though these lacked the rich red hue of traditional Burmese rubies, they were treated with heat to improve saturation and transparency. Many people are employed in the sector and we wouldn’t want people to lose their livelihood,” says Dev Shetty, president and chief executive of Fura … Stones lighter than this are called pink sapphire. This is a common practice and is not something to worry about. The color comes from traces of chromium. The history of Burmese rubies: Myanmar, the country formerly (and still commonly) known as Burma, has been a source of rubies for more than 1,500 years, according to the Gemological Institute of America. The demand for Burmese rubies has existed for centuries. Each lot produced several minutes of intense bidding before the earrings, bracelet and necklace sold for a combined total of $5.4 million. Even the Black Ruby, one of the famed crown jewels of England, was considered one of the largest cut rubies until determined to be spinel. The second main factor is the presence of miniscule inclusions that increase the dispersion of light across the surface of the gemstone. Even so, you would think a stone of this color and quality would sell. The name ruby comes from the Latin word ruber, which means “red.” Rubies are an ancient stone, revered since history began, and as such are very powerful spiritually. In Chinese literature from 200 BC, mentions of Ruby exports via the North Silk Road is evident. The ruby came from a mine in Burma, present-day Myanmar. Rubies from Thailand are exceptional quality with distinctly darker hues, tinted with brown and burgundy. It broke all previously held records for prices of colored gemstones. History. The Burmese use of Rubies traces back to 2500 BC. Most Burmese rubies come from the districts surrounding Mogok and Mong Hsu, regions in the north and north-east of Burma respectively. In Burma (a ruby source since at least 600 AD—now called Myanmar), warriors possessed rubies to make them invincible in battle. The history of Myanmar (also known as Burma; Burmese: မြန်မာ့သမိုင်း) covers the period from the time of first-known human settlements 13,000 years ago to the present day.The earliest inhabitants of recorded history were a Tibeto-Burman-speaking people who established the Pyu city-states ranged as far south as Pyay and adopted Theravada Buddhism. Most Burmese rubies have a bluish-red body color which gives the stones a saturated, vivid appearance. The Camellia Brooch is the perfect embodiment of JAR’s appreciation of nature, replicating the beauty and texture of the flowering plant through the rarest of rubies in several cuts and sizes. The highest anyone has ever paid for a Burmese ruby has been $1 million USD per carat. They had to insert them into their flesh and make them part of their bodies. Ruby in Chinese History. Burmese rubies compared. “Pigeon’s blood” rubies are most coveted, but the next best color is “rabbit’s blood.” In Burmese gem … Burmese ruby has a specific gravity … See it here. Towards the end of the evening session in which many of the actress’s most iconic jewels were sold, a suite of ruby and diamond jewellery by Cartier was offered in three consecutive lots. They’re found in river gravel or in marble created over millions of years from limestone in the belt of metamorphic rock in the area. There are a number of factors that affect the color of Burmese rubies but the two most prominent ones are the body color of the stone working with fluorescence and the inclusions in the stone. In Sanskrit, the ruby is called Ratnaraj or King of Precious Stones. Check out our quick review comparing these retailers and more here. As I mentioned above, most Pigeon’s Blood rubies came from Burma. (p15) Trabert & Hoeffer had formed a working partnership with the … Burma (now Myanmar) is a rich source of ruby mines that has produced high quality rubies since sixteenth century. Sri Lanka has a long history with gemstones and is a great source of sapphires, rubies, and other gemstones. Senior International Specialist Jean-Marc Lunel remembers his excitement when he entered a bank safe in Monaco and first laid eyes on this near perfect 8.62 carat Burmese ruby, which came to be known as ‘The Graff Ruby’. Harry Winston Burma ruby and diamond lariat necklace, price on request.2. Sold for $782,500 on 13 December 2011 at Christie’s in New York. In February 2006, … These famed mines in Burma are almost mined out, which makes Burmese rubies very rare. The first exhibition of Burmese rubies has already closed its doors, but talk of it will continue for a long time. If you’re looking for high quality rubies, check out James Allen who has an excellent inventory of natural rubies. Mozambique Ruby Prices per Carat. Jacques Cartier had developed a deep interest in India, travelling frequently to the subcontinent, visiting many of its regions, and establishing friendships with several ruling Maharajahs. These generally tend to be darker or paler and more purple than the desired red. Rubies tend to have significant inclusions, so eye clean specimens are rare. Burmese Sapphire Giants • Large Burma Sapphire A brief history of Burmese (Myanmar) sapphires, along with details of some of the major pieces of yore. Though ruby has a long history, it wasn’t recognized as a variety of corundum until 1800. A ruby and diamond ring by Chaumet. Combining the highly sought-after ‘pigeon’s blood’ red typical of old Burmese material and a high degree of transparency, which is rare in rubies, it came to auction with a pre-sale estimate of between $400,000 and $600,000. In June 2015, however, Christie’s in Hong Kong presented a piece that was special even by Chin’s lofty standards: a necklace featuring a collection of 48 oval and cushion-shaped rubies ranging from 1.10 to 7.02 carats, all originating from Burma, all exhibiting the ‘pigeon blood’ red colour and showing no evidence of treatment. In central Myanmar, the area of Mong Hsu began producing rubies during the 1990s and rapidly became the world's main ruby mining area. A superb ruby and diamond ring by Faidee. This makes these rubies more sought after and valuable than rubies mined from other African mines such as those mined in Tanzania, Nigeria, Malawi and Kenya. It was lifted in 2008 and Burma’s gemstones are now allowed to move freely to any country. Even today, the most valuable rubies come from Myanmar! In Burma Ruby, Dr. Samuels looks at the Mogok mines from the local perspective, in contrast to the occidental histories put together by the “noble enterprise” of colonialism. Other sources, such as Kenya and Afghanistan, produced the occasional stone which could stand with Burma's best, but these were exceptions. Queen Victoria Eugenia of Spain was the daughter of Princess Beatrice, youngest child of Queen Victoria, who stayed by her mother’s side until her death in 1901. Burma ruby's passionate color is just one reason for this gemstone's popularity. A ruby flower brooch by JAR. Edmond Chin is the creative mind behind the Etcetera brand, which he founded in 2000. Burmese ruby value can vary based on the quality of the individual stone in question. Just because a ruby is from Burma does not automatically mean that it is of the highest quality and therefore should be more expensive. The Burmese use of Rubies traces back to 2500 BC. When it comes to the beautiful Ruby gemstone, its stunning red color is one of the most exotic features of this gem. Prior to that, red spinel, tourmaline, and garnet were also believed to be ruby. Alan Caplan Ruby. The necklace was purchased by Cartier, and became part of its extraordinary heritage collection. Ruby in Chinese History. As with all corundum, it's also extremely durable, having a hardness of 9 on the Mohs scale. If quality and size remains same, a faceted cut old Burma ruby will be more expensive than round or cabochon ruby. Burmese ruby price per carat varies depending on the location, volume and type of inclusions. The History of the Burmese Ruby. The Collection of Elizabeth Taylor auction in December 2011 was an historic moment for Christie’s, not to mention the wider auction world. An extraordinary ruby and diamond ring. Some dealers refer to top quality rubies as “Burmese” regardless of where they were mined, although this practice is frowned upon. None more so than an unheated stone weighing more than 15 carats, with near perfect crystallisation and a ‘pigeon blood’ red colour. Faidee was founded by Roop Chand Lunia, nicknamed the ‘King of Burmese Rubies’. Discover the history of ruby through the ages and the importance of this beautiful gemstone in the role it's played in many cultures across the globe. Better than diamonds? Sold for HK$141,800,000 on 1 December 2015 at Christie’s in Hong Kong. The most expensive ruby ever sold at an auction house, the Sunrise Ruby that fetched over 30 million US dollars in 2015, beating all previously held records. According to folklore, rubies were gifts for giving superior strength to warriors. Rubies from Pyinlon on the Nawarat stone tract occur in a crystalline marble as at Mogok. 2003: First Sanctions on Burmese Gems A pair of ruby and diamond ear pendants was followed by a ruby and diamond bracelet before the pièce de résistance, a ruby and diamond necklace — all by Cartier, all gifts to the screen legend from her then husband, Mike Todd, and all featuring diamonds with rubies mined in Burma that showed no evidence of clarity enhancement. To learn more about how to evaluate and buy a ruby, check out our complete ruby buying guide. Unfortunately, these famous Burmese mines are now almost fully depleted, making Burmese rubies ever scarcer and expensive. Set in a distinctive gold and diamond mounting by Verdura, it sold for $14.2 million, which equates to $885,000 per carat. By the late 1700s, the brilliance of the Burmese ruby became renowned to the world. Sold for $3,778,500 on 13 December 2011 at Christie’s in New York. The necklace sold for $13 million, and remains to this day the most expensive ruby-set jewel ever sold at auction. These mines were famous for producing about 90 percent of all pigeon blood rubies. Ruby in World History Ruby in Burmese History. The existence of rubies in Burma was brought to the attention of Europeans by explorer Marco Polo in the 13th century. Named ‘Ratnaraj’, which means ‘king of precious stones’ in Sanskrit, this ruby, which hails from the famous Mogok Valley in Burma, was mounted on a platinum and gold ring and surrounded by oval-shaped colourless diamonds. That remarkable radiance—caused by any ultraviolet light, including UV rays from the sun—has given rubies a special place in history. This keeps prices high and their demand always outweighs supply. History and Lore Rubies symbolize power and protection. Couple this with the natural red fluorescence of the gemstone and these rubies obtain a rich, highly intense infusion of color. Mandalay Ruby. Most Burmese rubies come from the districts surrounding Mogok and Mong Hsu, regions in the north and north-east of Burma respectively. It soared past its pre-sale estimate of CHF 50,000-80,000, before selling for CHF 365,000. Inclusion minerals in these rubies are dominated by calcite, dolomite, and rutile with lesser numbers of apatite, feldspar, and probably pyrrhotite and spinel. The history of the mines here is long, complex, and turbulent. A model holds the 'Sunrise Ruby' (R) a Burmese ruby weighing 25.59 carats, and the 'Historic Pink Diamond', a Fancy Vivid diamond weighing 8.72 carats during an auction preview at Sotheby's auction house in Geneva, Switzerland, May 6, 2015. Most rubies on the market, whether Burmese or otherwise, are heat treated directly at the mines. Ruby from Myanmar, tends to be the most visually stunning. Gems occur in a gravel layer called byon at a depth of 20 to 100 feet. This refers to vivid, beautifully saturated gemstones of a color reminiscent of the blood of pigeons that are among the most highly priced and the most sought after. Often all that is needed to realise a genius idea is a colossal amount of time and effort, luxuries which very few can say they enjoy. 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